The Municipality of Guinobatan has a population of 75,967 as per 2010 Census of population and Housing of the National Statistics office. This represented a 15 percent increase from the total population of 65,512 in 1995. It was also a 55,940 increase from its first census population of 20,027 in 1903.
Municipality of Guinobatan accounted for 6.20 percent of the total provincial population ranking sixth in terms of population number after Legazpi City, Tabaco City, Daraga, City of Ligao & Polangui.
There are 11 urban and 33 Rural Barangays in the Municipality. The urban barangays are Calzada, Ilawod, Inamnan Pequeno, Inamnan Grande , Iraya, Maguiron, Morera, Poblacion, San Francisc, Travesia & San Rafael. Population is widely dispersed among the Barangays though Barangays Travesia (3838) and San Rafael (3880), both urban Barangays had the largest shares in urban at 5.1 and 5.1 percent respectively, Barangays Mauraro (5145) and Masarawag (3553), in turn had the largest population among the rural Barangays with 6.8 and 4.7 percent. The household population was 75,967 households with an average household size of 4.68. The barangay distribution of the population and the number of households are presented in the following table while the Municipal Base map and Barangay map are shown as Figures 1.1 and 1.2 respectively.
The Municipality of Guinobatan was considered as educational center of the 3rd Congressional District Albay, table below shows that the highest educational attainment in the sub-project area, 5 years old and over showed that 14,728 completed Elementary educations, High School graduates has a total of 11,283 and a total of 5,619 persons finished Academic Degree holder.
Housing in the municipality is characterized generally by the tenancy system and sub-standard dwelling units. This may be caused by the agro-based economic situation, wherein landowner-tenant relationship has led to ownership by the land tenant, and also the tradition of allowing or accommodating other people to build or construct in the property of another for close family ties and humanitarian considerations.
It was noted that in the urban and rural areas many of the households do own their houses but majority are not in their own property lot.
The number of dwelling with are classified according to the type of construction materials used namely: concrete/brick stone, half concrete/brick stone and half wood, wood-mixed, bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa and other light materials.
There are numbers of housing projectS within the municipality situated at Sitio Binti, Barangay Minto, Quitago and Barangay Mauraro established by the NGO, DSWD, LGU and other Agency concerned involved.
INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES ROAD NETWORK
As of 2000, a total of 156.55 kms of road interconnect the urban and rural settlement areas of Guinobatan, of this road length 8.0 kilometers are national, 51.35 kilometers provincial, 10.0 kilometers municipal and 97.20 kilometers barangay roads classification by administration. By type of construction 27.54 kms or 17.59 % are concrete, 1.00 km. Asphalt or 0.64 % 42.66 kms gravel or 27.25% and 85.35 kms earth fill or 54.52%. In terms to road connection 34 barangays or 77.27% are accessible by road and 10 barangays or 22.73% are without road connection. As regards to transportation there is no permanent structure for bus terminal except the PNR Station Transportation routes within the barangay from Poblacion are commonly served by tricycles while inter-municipality and inter-provincial routes are served by buses and PUJ’s aside from the services provided by the Philippine National Railways.
There are seventeen (17) bridges with a total length of 0.266 kms. Of these bridges 86.06 % are concrete and 19.94% remains to be timber bailey or wooden bridges.
Guinobatan is served by one Postal service provided by the Philippine Postal Corporation with office located at the Multi-Purpose Building at Barangay Iraya.
The municipality has a cable TV station operating and locally serving almost all the urban barangays and one local FM radio station. It is also within the broadcast coverage of six (6) AM and seven (7) FM local radio stations and two (2) televisions networks located at Legazpi City. There are also three (3) private Mobile Phone companies in operation serving the urban and nearby rural Barangays.
Leading national and local newspapers and other printed media are readily available in the town owing to the overland transport and distribution strategy of print media circulation management. Also, its proximity to Legazpi City as the primary distribution center proves advantageous.
POWER AND ELECTRICITY
Electricity in the municipality is provided by the Albay Electric Cooperative (ALECO). As of 2010. All the 44 barangays has been energized by the rural electrification program while some sitios still unserved.
Residential or domestic consumption accounts for the largest bulk of electric power consumption in the municipality with 75.03% while commercial and industrial consumption are 16.83% and 03.48% respectively. About 02.92% are utilized in institutional buildings and 01.74% for streetlights and other public facilities.
For those barangays served with electricity, it is only the urban barangays where the supply of electricity reaches almost all of the households, while supply of electricity is still inadequate in households located in rural barangays. Sitios of some Rural barangays left unserved by electricity resort to traditional sources of fuel or lighting as well as cooking purposes.
The development of an area calls for the provision of power supply as a basic facility as in the case of those in the rural barangays which remain unserved by ALECO at present. The construction and growth of all the barangays toward the desired development of the municipality depend on the factor of adequate supply of power as infrastructure support component.
Water supply requirement of this municipality is merely supplied by springs deep and shallow wells in almost all of the rural barangays, while the main source of water in the urban barangay is a main spray developed into a level III water system. Households in rural barangays which are not supplied by levels I and II water system, drew their water from some unidentified sources.
2010 data revealed that urban barangays are served by level I with 2,771 households or 19.578% and level III with 2,297 households or 16.229% while rural barangays are served by level I with 7,756 households or 54.797 %, level II with 1,160 households or 8.198 % and level III with 170 households or 1.201 %.
Environmental management priorities of the municipality is carried out to manage, control and regulate the manners in which human population at different levels of social concern (from individual, the household and the community) interact with the environment.
The present status of household toilet facilities shows that both in rural and urban barangays represents 88.10% (49.20% in urban barangays and 38.90% in rural barangays) of the total household population. Wheras, those household with unsanitary toilet accounted for 3.13% of the total household (0.90%) in urban barangays and 2.23% in rural barangays) and those without toilet 8.772% (2.772%) in urban barangays and 6% in rural barangays).
The waste disposal ordinance was enacted in 1995 for the appropriate disposal of waste and conservation of a clean living environment. It prescribed who are responsible for the treatment of waste from the household and the waste from business activates. It also defines the role of administration on waste management, and prohibits illegal waste disposal with penal/regulations.
Waste materials are classified into biodegradable (compostable) and non-biodegradable (non-compostable). Residential waste constitutes the largest source of waste and market wastes. Volume of waste generated ranges to 5359 kg/day for compostable and 3441 kg/day for non-compostable. Garbage disposal pracatices of household which accounted for garbage collection, 23%; burning, 40%; open pit, 20%; composting, 11%; and other, 6%.
The existing municipal dumpsite is located at barangay Dona Mercedes, eight (8) kilometers away from the Poblacion. It occupies an area of about 10,000.00 square meters, generally bounded by coconuts, bamboos and other small tree species. The dumpsite basically serves the urban barangays. The municipality utilizes two (2) units of 10 cu.m. open dump truck for the collection and transporting solid waste generated by the households of urban barangays and at the collection point of the public market and business establishment.