Guinobatan’s gross population density is approximately four persons per hectare. The average urban area density of the municipality is estimated at 26 persons per hectares while the average rural density is only three persons per hectares. Barangay Calzada had the highest population density of approximately 156 persons per hectare while Barangay Pood had the lowest with only one person for every two hectares. Table 1.2 presents the Municipal population levels three census years per barangay along with density information.
Population Growth Trends
The population average annual growth from 2007 to 2010 was 0.70 which was lower that the Province’s 1.28 percent. The Municipal’s highest AAGR was recorded from 1948 to 1960 with a rate of 3.39 percent. The lowest annual growth rate was, in turn, recorded during the period 1960 to 1970 at -0.20 percent (Decrease in population is due to creation of Pioduran as Municipality in 1963 of which part of Guinobatan were taken). The Municipal’s population growth trends are presented in Table 1.3 & 1.4
The bulk of Municipal’s population belonged to the 10-14 age group (12.64%) followed by the age groups of 5-9 (12.05%) and 15-19 (10.45%). The lowest came from the age groups of 80 and over, each accounting for less than one percent of the population.
Guinobatan had an over-all sex ratio of 104 males for every 100 females. Almost half (12906) of the total female population was of childbearing age (0 to 14). In addition to this the working population had a sex ratio of 104 males for every 100 females. The following table presents the Municipal’s population by age group and sex.
The working age group (15 t 64 years of age) represents the potential labor force of Guinobatan while the youth (0 to 14 years of age) and the old-age group (65 years and over) represent the dependent population. In 2007, 43368 or 58.34 percent of the total population were in the working age group while only 30967 or 41.66 percent were dependents. The dependency ratio of Guinobatan is hence calculated at 71 percent. Table 1.6 presents information on the Municipal’s working and dependent age groups as of the 2007 census.
Urban Barangays, which comprise 34.70 percent of the total population, exhibited a 4.01 percent increase in population from 2000 to 2010 while rural Barangays increased by 8.48 percent. Barangay Quitago (rural), Mauraro (rural) and Binogsacan Lower (rural) had the highest increases of 49.91 percent, 46.29 percent and 29.22 percent, respectively. On the other hand, the urban Barangays of Poblacion, Ilawod, Iraya & Morerea exhibited negative growth during the same period implying population movement away from the urban Center. During the period 2000-2010, the population in the Municipal’s urban grew at an average of 0.39425% as compared to the rural areas 0.8175% this is reinforced by an investigation of the Municipal’s tempo of urbanization which is calculated at -0.423 percent from 2000 to 2010. Table 1.7 presents the movement trend of the Municipal’s population per barangay.
LAND AREA: 20, 300 hectares